4 Major Components Of A Successful Tree Felling Plan

Cutting down a tree near an urban or suburban home isn't as simple as slicing it through and shouting, "Timber!" Trees can be unpredictable when they fall, and they can also cause damage over a large area depending on how they fall. Here are some things to keep in mind during the tree removal process:

1. Total Drop Zone 

The first task for the removal technicians will be to determine the possible drop zone of the tree. This is the area in which the tree may fall once it is cut. The drop zone typically surrounds the tree on all sides, so it's essentially a circular zone with the tree in the center.

The zone also typically extends out 1.5 to 2 times the height of the tree. The reason for the large size of this circle is that a tree can be unpredictable. A tree can slide or even jump a bit as it hits the ground, thus landing some distance out from where it started before it was cut.

2. Felling Path

The felling path is the desired direction of the fall. The lead technician or arborist determines the ideal and most likely felling path for the tree which is based upon the landscape around it and the growth pattern of the tree. 

A good felling path plan means the tree will land where it will cause the most harm, instead of falling toward a house or busy road. In tight quarters, additional work may be necessary before cutting to ensure the tree will likely fall in the desired direction.

3. Safety Routes

Every good plan includes one, and preferably two, safety escape routes for those working near the base of the tree during the main felling. The plan will typically include a single escape route at a bare minimum, which is the main route the workers will use to move out of the danger zone once the tree begins to fall.

Ideally, there will be the second route of escape in the plan, if the space and surrounding topography allow it. This way the workers can move away from the tree safely even if it falls in an unplanned direction that would make the main route dangerous to use.

4. Rigging Aids

When a tree is growing too close to something else, such as your house or a tree you don't want to damage, then rigging may be necessary to ensure the tree falls along the desired felling path. The workers typically begin by carefully removing all the limbs and lowering them to the ground with the rigging.

Once limbed, rigging is attached to the trunk at several points. A worker then takes the trunk down in segments, lowering each segment to the ground carefully, so that the tree won't fall in a direction that causes damage. 

Contact a tree removal service if you need more help when it comes to removing large trees from a smaller property.

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Taking the Guesswork Out of Tree Care

Have you ever tried to take care of your own trees? At first, cutting down dead limbs or dealing with ugly branches might have seemed like a simple task. Unfortunately, after climbing that ladder and managing sharp objects, another reality may have surfaced. In addition to staying safe, you might also have struggled with trying to determine which branches should stay and go, and how your choices could affect the tree's shape. I want to help you to take the guesswork out of tree care, so I made this blog. Read here to find out more about different trees, cutting methods, and common homeowner mistakes.